Login Brokers (L)

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The login brokers panel shows detailed data on client/server login brokers. Not all information is available in older versions of OpenEdge.

Note that typically, the primary broker doubles as a client/server broker, though this is not always the case. Whether it is preferable to segregate client/server brokers from the primary broker or allow the more common double-duty is debatable.



ProTop RT Label Alertable Metric* Description
Typ N/A Type of broker service. See table below.
IPver brokerIPVer TCP/IP version 4 or 6 broker
PID N/A Operating System process id number
-S N/A Name or number of the service used by the broker process
-minport brokerMin Lowest port number to use when spawning server processes.
-maxport brokerMax Highest port number to use when spawning server processes.
PendCx brokerPCT Any pending connections, which indicates a problem with a connection
-Mm brokerMm Message buffer size for 4GL client/server communication
-Mpb brokerMpb Specifies the maximum number of servers that the broker can start to serve remote users
-Ma brokerMa Specifies the maximum number of remote users per server process
-Mi brokerMi Specifies the minimum number of remote users per server before the broker starts another server
Cnx brokerCnx Number of connections to the broker
CNX% brokerCnxPct Number of connections as a percentage of the maximum possible number of connections
SQLTrc brokerSQLttlg Indicates whether or not SQL tracing is active
SQLWUp brokerSQLwup Indicates whether automatic SQL Width Update is active or not
SQLcurs brokerSQLcurs Number of SQL cursors
SQLStack brokerSQLstck SQL Stack size
SQLstmt brokerSQLstmt SQL Statement cache size
SQLtmpb brokerSQLtmpb SQL Temp storage buffer size
SQLtmpd brokerSQLtmpd SQL Storage temp disk space
SQLtmpz brokerSQtmpz SQL Statement storage page size

*Requires data collector "BrokerConfig" in pt3agent.cfg. With the commercial version of ProTop, you can configure alerts using the metric names in this column. For a full list of metrics, see the Alertable Metrics section.



Types of Broker Service

Typ Description
SHM Only shared memory connections on the primary broker
4GL Broker for only 4GL client/server connections
SQL Broker for only SQL connections
Both Broker for both "4GL" and "SQL" connections


Insight into Login Brokers

-Mm: The default value of 1024 is always too low. Benchmark testing shows that a value of 8192 provides most of the performance advantage, though setting this to 16384 or 31768 (the maximum value) is also acceptable. CAREFUL: prior to OpenEdge 11.6, clients were required to have the same -Mm startup parameter as the server to which they were connecting. In modern versions of OpenEdge, the client automatically adjusts to the server's -Mm value.

-Mi/-Ma/-Mpb/-Mn/-n: The interplay between these parameters is very important and often misunderstood. The first three (-Mi/-Ma/-Mpb) are broker parameters and can be different for each broker. -Mn and -n are global parameters.

To begin, you must know how many concurrent shared memory, remote 4GL and remote SQL users you need to support. For this example, let's assume 100 shared memory, 100 4GL client/server and 100 SQL.

Before OpenEdge 12, 4GL server processes were single-threaded, serving their users using a round-robin algorithm. It was therefore preferable to limit the number of users per server to 5: -Ma 5 (max users per server). Today, we almost always set -Mi to 1 (minimum users per server). There are use-cases for a higher -Mi. Therefore to support 100 4GL client/server users, we need at least 20 server processes: -Mi 1 -Ma 5 -Mpb 20.

SQL servers and OE12+ 4gl servers are multi-threaded, so we don't have this round-robin limitation. Theoretically, we could start one server process and let is spawn 100 threads to serve the 100 SQL users. In practice, though, if the one server process was killed for whatever reason, it would disconnect all our users. Better to split them them across multiple servers: -Mi 1 -Ma 10 -Mpb 10. CAREFUL: there was a bug in 10.2B0x (before SP8) and early 11.x versions which required a value no greater than 5 for -Ma.

The -Mn parameter is the total number of server processes: 20 4GL servers + 10 SQL Servers + the 2 brokers = 32. We suggest adding some buffer space to that value, in case you need to spawn a new broker process: -Mn 40.

Finally, we need to set -n: the total number of connections. 100 shared memory users + 100 client/server 4GL users + 100 SQL users = 300. But the server processes also connect to the database! That adds another 40 (from the -Mn value). Again, we suggest adding a healthy buffer to this value: -n 400. Note that connections do not equate to licenses. Setting -n 400 does not neccesarily mean that you need to purchase 400 Enterprise Database licenses.

End result: 1. Primary broker: -Mn 40 -n 400 2. 4GL login broker: -Mi 1 -Ma 5 -Mpb 20 -ServerType 4GL -Mm 16384 3. SQL login broker: -Mi 1 -Ma 10 -Mpb 10 -ServerType SQL

Note #1: There are a number of -prefetch* parameters that should also be used. Search our blog page for articles on network performance.

Note #2: YMMV. While these values are likely valid for most environments, there are always special cases. Please don't hesitate to ask on the Progress Community Page or ask the experts.